In this article we are going to introduce Carl Jung, one of the most well known and influential Psychoanalysts. He was the founder of analytical psychology and not only famous for this but also in anthropology, literature, religious studies and philosophy.
Carl Jung was an early supporter of Freud as he discovered their shared interest in the unconscious. He was an active member of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society (formerly known as the Wednesday Psychological Society). When the International Psychoanalytical Association formed in 1910 Jung became president at the request of Freud.
Although in 1912, in a lecture Jung publicly criticized Freud’s theory of the Oedipus complex and his emphasis on infantile sexuality. The next year this led to an irreversible split between them and Jung went on to develop his own version of psychoanalytic theory. The division
Most of Jung’s assumptions of his analytical psychology reflect his theoretical differences with Freud. While Jung agreed with Freud that a person’s past and childhood experiences determined future behavior, he also believed that we are shaped by our future aspirations too. See table below:
Among some of Jung’s main concepts of analytical psychology, he believed that individuation is the lifelong psychological process of differentiation of the self out of each individual’s conscious and unconscious elements. Jung considered this to be the main purpose of human development. Jung created some of the best known psychological concepts, including synchronicity, archetypal phenomena, the collective unconscious, the psychological complex, and extraversion and introversion.
Read next: A Brief History of Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)