This article evaluates creativity and emotional intelligence in psychology. Looking at the theories behind how creativity and intelligence can be measured and some of the issue that can arise.
Creativity can mean an individuals ability to produce valued outcomes in a novel way, various ways of measuring creativity include:
- Research strategies: study imminent people e.g. Einstein
- Devise measures of creativity
- Divergent thinking test “How many uses for a brick?”
CREATIVITY AND INTELLIGENCE
5 factors of creativity and intelligence:
- Imaginative thinking
- Venturesome personality
- Intrinsic motivation
- Creative environment
However, there are problems with ‘divergent’ thinking because there is no clear way to measure nor standardise it.
Emotional intelligence is the ability to monitor one’s own and other people’s emotions. To discriminate between different emotions and label them appropriately, and use emotional information to guide thinking and behaviour.
The term appeared sporadically in the psychological literature during the 1970s and 1980s by the US psychologist Peter Salovey and John D. Mayer. Salovey and Mayer later specified four groups of competencies that it encompasses:
- The ability to perceive, apprise and express emotional accuracy
- The ability to access and evoke emotions when they facilitate cognition
- The ability to comprehend emotional messages and to make use of emotional information
- The ability to regulate one’s own emotions and to promote growth and wellbeing.
Emotional competence involves the abilities to:
- Read others’ emotions accurately
- Respond to them appropriately
- Motivate oneself
- Be aware of one’s own emotions
- Regulate and control one’s own emotional responses
- Measured with the Mayer-Saloveygcaruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT)
Emotional intelligence may have evolutionary roots and therefore people high in emotional intelligence may enjoy more success in life.
Criticisms for moving the focus away from mental ability. Emotional competence is a term preferred by critics of emotional intelligence that distinguishes between traditional mental skills and emotions.
- Like creative intelligence, many dispute whether it is currently possible to measure emotional intelligence, let alone produce a standardized test
- Significant cultural, socioeconomic, and situation factors involved in perceiving, using and managing emotions
- Unclear whether emotions aid or hinter intellectual functioning